Orbital fractures occur, usually due to eye trauma or facial injuries. Orbital fractures may lead to bruising, swelling, enophthalmos, ophthalmia, optic nerve injury, diplopia, cheek hypoesthesia.
The usual causes include: fist blow, baseball blow, vehicle accidents. Eye lid edema and ecchymosis may appear. Sometimes the fracture may involve the nose or sinus, causing air to enter the subcutaneous tissues, and thus causing emphysema.
Computed tomography scan can be used to diagnosis the damaged structures and tissues. The patient should use a nasal spray to minimize nosebleeds. Ice compresses may help to reduce pain and swelling. Analgesics may also be used to alleviate pain. In some cases, surgery will be needed to repair the damaged bones and tissues.