Chemicals can lead to chemical eye burns, causing eye discomfort, or in some cases, severe eye burns. Chemical burns may damage the eye's cornea, causing cataracts, glaucoma or blindness. Chemical burns usually require emergency eye-wash or emergency medical attention.
Chemical burns usually have the following types: alkali burns, acid burns, chemical irritants. Alkali chemicals can penetrate the eye surface, and cause severe corneal injuries. The following products usually contain alkali chemicals: fertilizers, cleaning products, plaster, cement.
Acid burns are usually due to the following acids: sulfuric acid, sulfurous acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, acetic acid, chromic acid, and hydrofluoric acid. Many household detergents may contain acids or chemical irritants.